mAssets

mStable unites stablecoins. mStable's first mAsset is mUSD.

Overview

mStable can support numerous mAssets. Each mAsset is pegged to a unique asset, such as fiat currency (US Dollar) or a cryptocurrency like Bitcoin. mAssets are backed by a basket of existing and whitelisted tokenised assets of that same peg, and held by the user.

mAssets are minted/redeemed permissionlessly and on-chain via the mStable smart contracts.

  • To mint an mUSD, for example, a user sends 1 USDT and receives 1 mUSD in return. This whole process is completed autonomously by mStable's smart contracts and the user interacting with those smart contracts.

  • To redeem, the user sends an mUSD to the contract and can choose which bAsset to receive in return for the swap fee, which has been set by Meta Governors to be 6 basis points. In the current implementation, if maximum weights are reached, the user will receive a mix of bAssets that are reflective of the current basket composition at a 3 basis point fee. Once the user receives the bAsset(s), the mAsset is then burned, i.e. taken out of circulation. This process is completed autonomously by mStable's smart contracts.

Each bAsset has a maximum weight that determines its highest possible weighting in that basket. A maximum weight is important because it creates an upper-bound to the proportion of a bAsset the mAsset in question is backed by; put differently, it caps a user's exposure to any one stablecoin.

Meta Governors determine:

  • The maximum weight of each bAsset;

  • Any new bAssets that are to be added should they be deemed secure and stable by Meta Governors. Conversely, a bAsset can be removed should Meta Governors consider it too risky for inclusion in a basket.

Possible future mAssets:

  • mBTC (Bitcoin)

  • mGLD (Gold)